How does the EU define and protect the elements of the rule of law: legality, legal certainty, prohibition of arbitrariness of the executive powers, independent judiciary, effective judicial review including respect for fundamental rights and equality before the law?
How does the EU practice its specific vision of democracy with the underlying principles democratic equality, representative democracy, participatory democracy, transparency and deliberation?
In which ways the EU operationalizes democracy and rule of law in its external action through its human rights dialogues (HRDs), election observations missions (EOMs) and resolutions by the European Parliament (EP)?
How and why has the EU increasingly moved away from ‘thin’/formal to more ‘thick’/substantive conceptions of human rights, the rule of law and democracy?
Taught by Prof. Van Elsuwege